Acura CL (2003 year). Instruction — page 16

CONTINUED

To add oil, unscrew and remove the
engine oil fill cap on top of the valve
cover. Pour in the oil, and install the
engine oil fill cap. Tighten it securely.
Wait a few minutes and recheck the
oil level. Do not fill above the upper
mark; you could damage the engine.

Make sure the API Certification Seal
says ‘‘For Gasoline Engines.’’

Oil is a major contributor to your
engine’s performance and longevity.
Always use a premium-grade 5W-20
detergent oil displaying the API
Certification Seal. This seal indicates
the oil is energy conserving, and that
it meets the American Petroleum
Institute’s latest requirements.

Honda Motor Oil is the preferred
5W-20 lubricant for your vehicle. It is
highly recommended that you use
Honda Motor Oil in your vehicle for
optimum engine protection.

Adding Oil

Recommended Oil

Engine Oil

Maintenance

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The oil’s viscosity or weight is
provided on the container’s label.
Select the oil for your vehicle
according to this chart.

5W-20 oil is formulated for year-
round protection of your Acura, to
improve cold weather starting, and
to help your engine use less fuel.

If 5W-20 oil is not available, a 5W-30
oil may be used. However, it should
be replaced with 5W-20 at the next
oil change.

You may use a synthetic motor oil if
it meets the same requirements
given for a conventional motor oil: it
displays the API Certification Seal,
and it is the proper weight as shown
on the chart. When using synthetic
oil, you must follow the oil and filter
change intervals given in the
maintenance schedule.

Your Acura does not require any oil
additives. Additives may adversely
affect your engine’s or transmission’s
performance and durability.

Engine Oil

Maintenance

Synthetic Oil

Additives

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Always change the oil and filter
according to the time and distance
(miles/kilometers) recommenda-
tions in the maintenance schedule.
The oil and filter collect contami-
nants that can damage your engine if
they are not removed regularly.

Run the engine until it reaches
normal operating temperature,
then shut it off.

Open the hood and remove the
engine oil fill cap. Remove the oil
drain bolt and washer from the
bottom of the engine. Drain the oil
into an appropriate container.

Remove the oil filter and let the
remaining oil drain. A special
wrench (available from your Acura
dealer) is required to remove the
filter.

Changing the oil and filter requires
special tools and access from
underneath the car. The car should
be raised on a service station-type
hydraulic lift for this service. Unless
you have the knowledge and proper
equipment, you should have this
maintenance done by a skilled
mechanic.

1.

2.

3.

CONTINUED

Changing the Oil and Filter

Engine Oil

Maintenance

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Let the engine run for several
minutes and check the drain bolt
and oil filter for leaks.

Turn off the engine, let it sit for
several minutes, then check the oil
level. If necessary, add oil to bring
the level to the upper mark on the
dipstick.

Install a new oil filter according to
instructions that come with it.

Put a new washer on the drain bolt,
then reinstall the drain bolt.
Tighten it to:

Refill the engine with the recom-
mended oil.
Engine oil change capacity
(including filter):

Replace the engine oil fill cap.
Start the engine. The oil pressure
indicator light should go out within
five seconds. If it does not, turn off
the engine and reinspect your
work.

6.

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9.

4.

5.

Engine Oil

Maintenance

242

29 lbf·ft (39 N·m , 4.0 kgf·m)

4.6 US qt (4.4

, 3.9 Imp qt)

Improper disposal of engine oil can be
harmf ul to the environment. If you
change your own oil, please dispose of
the used oil properly. Put it in a sealed
container and take it to a recycling
center. Do not discard it in a trash bin
or dump it on the ground.

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If the coolant level in the reserve
tank is at or below the MIN line, add
coolant to bring it up to the MAX line.
Inspect the cooling system for leaks.
The coolant you add should always
be a mixture of 50 percent antifreeze
and 50 percent water. Never add
straight antifreeze or plain water.

If the reserve tank is completely
empty, you should also check the
coolant level in the radiator.

Make sure the engine and radiator
are cool.

Always use Honda All Season
Antifreeze/Coolant Type 2. This
coolant is pre-mixed with 50 percent
antifreeze and 50 percent water. It
does not require any additional
mixing. If it is not available, you may
use another major-brand non-silicate
coolant as a temporary replacement.
Make sure it is a high-quality coolant
recommended for aluminum engines.
However, continued use of any non-
Honda coolant can result in
corrosion, causing the cooling
system to malfunction or fail. Have
the cooling system flushed and
refilled with Honda antifreeze/
coolant as soon as possible.

1.

CONTINUED

Adding Engine Coolant

Cooling System

Maintenance

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Removing the radiator cap
while the engine is hot can
cause the coolant to spray out,
seriously scalding you.

Always let the engine and
radiator cool down before
removing the radiator cap.

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Put the radiator cap back on.
Tighten it fully.

The coolant level should be up to
the base of the filler neck. Add
coolant if it is low.

Remove the radiator cap by
pushing down and turning
counterclockwise.

Turn the radiator cap counter-
clockwise, without pressing down
on it, until it stops. This relieves
any pressure remaining in the
cooling system.

Pour coolant into the reserve tank.
Fill it to halfway between the MAX
and MIN marks. Put the cap back
on the reserve tank.

Do not add any rust inhibitors or
other additives to your car’s cooling
system. They may not be compatible
with the coolant or engine compo-
nents.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Cooling System

Maintenance

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CONTINUED

Turn the ignition ON (II). Turn
the heater temperature control
dial to maximum heat (climate
control to 90°F/32°C). Turn off
the ignition. Open the hood. Make
sure the engine and radiator are
cool to the touch.

Remove the radiator cap.

Loosen the drain plug on the
bottom of the radiator. The
coolant will drain through the
splash guard.

The cooling system should be
completely drained and refilled with
new coolant according to the time
and distance recommendations in
the maintenance schedule. Only use
Honda All Season Antifreeze/
Coolant Type 2.

Draining the coolant requires access
to the underside of the car. Unless
you have the tools and knowledge,
you should have this maintenance
done by a skilled mechanic.

Drain the coolant into an
appropriate container.

1.

2.

3.

Replacing Engine Coolant

Cooling System

Maintenance

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Install a rubber hose on the drain
bolt at the rear of the engine
cylinder block. Loosen the drain
bolt.

Before removing the reserve tank,
remove the cruise control cable
from its clip, then remove the
ground cable from the clip on the
reserve tank. To remove the
cruise control cable, pivot the
upper part of the clip and push
down the lower part slightly.

Drain the coolant into an
appropriate container.

Remove the reserve tank from its
holder by pulling it straight up.
Drain the coolant into an
appropriate container, then put the
tank back in its holder.

After installing the tank back in
place, put the cables back in their
clips.

5.

4.

6.

Cooling System

Maintenance

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CONTINUED

Fill the reserve tank to the MAX
mark. Install the reserve tank cap.

When the coolant stops draining,
tighten the drain plug at the
bottom of the radiator.

Tighten the drain bolt at the rear
of the engine cylinder block
securely.

Tightening torque:

Pour Honda All Season
Antifreeze/Coolant Type 2 into
the radiator up to the base of the
filler neck. This coolant is a
mixture of 50 percent antifreeze
and 50 percent water. Pre-mixing
is not required.
The cooling system capacity is:

Start the engine and let it run for
about 30 seconds. Then turn off
the engine. Pour coolant into the
radiator up to the base of the filler
neck.

7.

8.

9.

10.

Cooling System

Maintenance

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7 lbf·ft (10 N·m , 1.0 kgf·m)

1.48 US gal (5.6

, 1.23 Imp gal)

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Install the radiator cap, and
tighten it to the first stop.

Start the engine and let it run until
the radiator cooling fan comes on
at least twice. Then stop the
engine.

Remove the radiator cap. Pour
coolant into the radiator up to the
base of the filler neck and into the
reserve tank up to the MAX mark.

Start the engine and hold it at
1,500 rpm until the cooling fan
comes on. Turn off the engine.
Check the coolant level in the
radiator and add coolant if needed.

Install the radiator cap, and
tighten it fully.

If necessary, fill the reserve tank
to the MAX mark. Install the
reserve tank cap.

11.

12.

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14.

15.

16.

Cooling System

Maintenance

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Fill the reservoir with a good-quality
windshield washer fluid. This
increases the cleaning capability and
prevents freezing in cold weather.

Check the level in the windshield
washer reservoir at least monthly
during normal usage. In bad weather,
when you use the washers often,
check the level every time you stop
for fuel.

When you refill the reservoir, clean
the edges of the windshield wiper
blades with windshield washer fluid
on a clean cloth. This will help to
condition the blade edges.

The windshield washer reservoir is
located behind the passenger’s side
headlight.

The low washer level indicator will
light when the level is low (see page

).

Check the reservoir’s fluid level by
removing the cap and looking at the
level gauge attached to the cap.

64

Windshield Washers

Maintenance

Canadian Models

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Do not use engine antif reeze or a
vinegar/water solution in the
windshield washer reservoir.

Antif reeze can damage your car’s paint,
while a vinegar/water solution can
damage the windshield washer pump.

Use only commercially-available
windshield washer f luid.

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If the level is below the lower
mark, remove the fill plug and add
fluid to bring it to the upper mark.

Always use Honda ATF-Z1
(Automatic Transmission Fluid). If it
is not available, you may use a
DEXRON III automatic
transmission fluid as a temporary
replacement. However, continued
use can affect shift quality. Have the
transmission flushed and refilled
with Honda ATF-Z1 as soon as it is
convenient.

To thoroughly flush the transmission,
the technician should drain and refill
it with Honda ATF-Z1, then drive the
vehicle a short distance. Do this
three times. Then drain and refill the
transmission a final time.

Check the fluid level with the engine
at normal operating temperature.

Park the car on level ground. Shut
off the engine.

Remove the dipstick (yellow loop)
from the transmission and wipe it
with a clean cloth.

Insert the dipstick all the way into
the transmission securely as
shown in the illustration.

Remove the dipstick and check
the fluid level. It should be
between the upper and lower
marks.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Maintenance

Transmission Fluid

Automatic Transmission

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The transmission should be drained
and refilled with new fluid according
to the time and distance recommen-
dations in the maintenance schedule.

If you are not sure how to add fluid,
contact your Acura dealer.

Insert the dipstick all the way back
into the transmission securely as
shown in the illustration.

Check the fluid level with the
transmission at normal operating
temperature and the vehicle sitting
on level ground.

Remove the check bolt and look for
transmission fluid coming out of the
bolt hole. If a small amount of fluid
drips out of the bolt hole, reinstall
the check bolt.

If no fluid comes out, remove the
filler bolt. Slowly add Honda Manual
Transmission Fluid (MTF) until it
starts to run out of the check bolt
hole. Let the fluid run out until it
stops, then reinstall the check bolt
and the filler bolt.

If Honda MTF is not available, you
may use an SAE 10W-30 or 10W-40
viscosity motor oil with the API
Certification seal that says ‘‘FOR
GASOLINE ENGINES’’ as a
temporary replacement. However,
motor oil does not contain the proper
additives and continued use can
cause stiffer shifting. Replace as
soon as it is convenient.

The transmission should be drained
and refilled with new fluid according
to the time and distance recommen-
dations in the maintenance schedule.

6.

6-speed Manual Transmission

Maintenance

Transmission Fluid

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The fluid level should be between
the MIN and MAX marks on the side
of the reservoir. If the level is at or
below the MIN mark, your brake
system needs attention. Have the
brake system inspected for leaks or
worn brake pads.

Check the fluid level in the reser-
voirs monthly. There are up to two
reservoirs, depending on the model.
They are:

Brake fluid reservoir (all models)
Clutch fluid reservoir
(manual transmission only)

The brake fluid should be replaced
according to the time recommenda-
tion in the maintenance schedule.

Always use Honda Heavy Duty
Brake Fluid DOT 3. If it is not
available, you should use only DOT 3
or DOT 4 fluid, from a sealed
container, as a temporary
replacement. However, the use of
any non-Honda brake fluid can cause
corrosion and decrease the life of the
system. Have the brake system
flushed and refilled with Honda
Heavy Duty Brake Fluid DOT 3 as
soon as possible.

Brake fluid marked DOT 5 is not
compatible with your car’s braking
system and can cause extensive
damage.

Brake System

Brake and Clutch Fluid

Maintenance

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Always use Honda Power Steering
Fluid. If it is not available, you may
use another power steering fluid as
an emergency replacement.
However, continued use can cause
increased wear and poor steering in
cold weather. Have the power
steering system flushed and refilled
with Honda PSF as soon as possible.

A low power steering fluid level can
indicate a leak in the system. Check
the fluid level frequently and have
the system inspected as soon as
possible.

Check the level when the engine is
cold. Look at the side of the
reservoir. The fluid should be
between the UPPER LEVEL and
LOWER LEVEL. If it is below the
LOWER LEVEL, add power steering
fluid to the UPPER LEVEL.

The fluid level should be between
the MIN and MAX marks on the side
of the reservoir. If it is not, add
brake fluid to bring it up to that level.
Use the same fluid specified for the
brake system.

Low fluid level can indicate a leak in
the clutch system. Have this system
inspected as soon as possible.

Power Steering

Clutch System

Maintenance

Brake and Clutch Fluid, Power Steering

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Turning the steering wheel to f ull lef t
or right lock and holding it there can
damage the power steering pump.

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Clean the hood latch assembly with a
mild cleaner, then lubricate it with a
multipurpose grease. Lubricate all
the moving parts (as shown),
including the pivot. Follow the time
and distance recommendations in
the Maintenance Schedule. If you
are not sure how to clean and grease
the latch, contact your Acura dealer.

The air cleaner element should be
cleaned or replaced according to the
time and distance recommendations
in the maintenance schedule.

Follow the replacement procedure
for removal and reinstallation.

The air cleaner element is inside the
air cleaner housing on the driver’s
side of the engine compartment.

To replace it:

Remove the cruise control cable
from its clip.

Loosen the four bolts by using a
Phillips-head screwdriver and
remove the air cleaner housing
cover.

Clean the air cleaner element by
blowing compressed air through it in
the opposite direction to normal air
flow. If you do not have access to
compressed air (such as a service
station), ask your Acura dealer to do
this service.

1.

2.

On Premium model

Premium model

Hood Latch

Air Cleaner Element

Cleaning (Severe Conditions)

Replacement

Hood Latch, Air Cleaner Element

Maintenance

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