Acura Integra (2001 year). Instruction — page 15

Corrosion Protection

Two factors normally contribute to

causing corrosion in your car:

1. Moisture trapped in body cavities.

Dirt and road salt that collects in
hollows on the underside of the
car stays damp, promoting
corrosion in that area.

2. Removal of paint and protective

coatings from the exterior and
underside of the car.

Many corrosion-preventive measures
are built into your Acura. You can
help keep your car from corroding
by performing some simple periodic
maintenance:

Repair chips and scratches in the
paint as soon as you discover them.

Inspect and clean out the drain
holes in the bottom of the doors
and body.

Check the floor coverings for
dampness. Carpeting and floor
mats may remain damp for a long
time, especially in winter. This
dampness can eventually cause
the floor panels to corrode.

Use a high-pressure spray to clean
the underside of your car. This is
especially important in areas that
use road salt in winter. It is also a

good idea in humid climates and
areas subject to salt air. Cars
equipped with ABS have a sensor
and wiring at each wheel. Be
careful not to damage them.

Have the corrosion-preventive
coatings on the underside of your
car inspected and repaired
periodically.

Appearance Care

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Body Repairs

Body repairs can affect your car’s
resistance to corrosion. If your car
needs repairs after a collision, pay
close attention to the parts used in
the repair and the quality of the
work.

Make sure the repair facility uses
Genuine Acura replacement body
parts. Some companies make sheet
metal pieces that seem to duplicate
the original Acura body parts, but
are actually inferior in fit, finish, and
corrosion resistance. Once installed,
they do not give the same high-

quality appearance.

When reporting your collision to the

insurance company, tell them you

want Genuine Acura parts used in

the repair. Although most insurers
recognize the quality of original
parts, some may try to specify that
the repairs be done with other
available parts. You should investi-
gate this before any repairs have
begun.

Take your car to your authorized
Acura dealer for inspection after the

repairs are completed. Your dealer
can make sure that quality materials
were used, and that corrosion-
preventive coatings were applied to
all repaired and replaced parts.

Appearance Care

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Taking Care of the Unexpected

This section covers the more-

common problems that motorists
experience with their vehicles. It
gives you information about how to

safely evaluate the problem and what

to do to correct it. If the problem has

stranded you on the side of the road,

you may be able to get going again.

If not, you will also find instructions
on getting your car towed.

Compact Spare Tire…………………..

226

Changing a Flat Tire…………………

227

If Your Engine Won’t Start………..

231

Nothing Happens or the

Starter Motor Operates

Very Slowly………………………..

232

The Starter Operates

Normally……………………………

233

Jump Starting……………………………

233

If Your Engine Overheats………….

236

Low Oil Pressure Indicator……….

238

Charging System Indicator………..

239

Malfunction Indicator Lamp……..

240

Brake System Indicator…………….

241

Closing the Moonroof……………….

242

Fuses………………………………………..

243

Checking and Replacing………..

244

Emergency Towing…………………..

248

Taking Care of the Unexpected

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Compact Spare Tire

Your car has a compact spare tire
that takes up less space. Use this

spare tire as a temporary replace-
ment only. Get your regular tire
repaired or replaced and put it back
on your car as soon as you can.

Check the inflation pressure of the
compact spare tire every time you
check the other tires. It should be
inflated to:

60 psi (420 kPa , 4.20 kgf/cm

2

)

Follow these precautions whenever
you are using the compact spare tire:

Do not exceed 50 mph (80 km/h)
under any circumstances.

This tire gives a harsher ride and

less traction on some road sur-
faces than the regular tire. Use
greater caution while driving on
this tire.

Do not mount snow chains on the
compact spare.

The wheel of the compact spare

tire is designed especially to fit
your car. Do not use your spare
tire on another vehicle unless it is
the same make and model.

Type-R model only

Do not drive with the compact
spare tire mounted on the front
wheels for a long period; it will
damage the Limited Slip
Differential.

INDICATOR LOCATION MARK

The compact spare tire has a shorter

tread life than a regular tire. Replace
it when you can see the tread wear
indicator bars. The replacement
should be the same size and design
tire, mounted on the same wheel.

The compact spare tire is not

designed to be mounted on a regular

wheel, and the compact wheel is not

designed for mounting a regular tire.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

TREAD WEAR INDICATOR BAR

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Changing a Flat Tire

If you have a flat tire while driving,
stop in a safe place to change it.
Stopping in traffic or on the shoulder
of a busy road is dangerous. Drive

slowly along the shoulder until you

get to an exit or an area to stop that
is far away from the traffic lanes.

JACK

SPARE TIRE

TOOL KIT

1. Park the car on firm, level and

non-slippery ground away from
traffic. Put the transmission in
Park (automatic) or Reverse

(manual). Apply the parking brake.

If you are towing a trailer, unhitch
the trailer.

2. Turn on the hazard warning lights

and turn the ignition switch to
LOCK (0). Have all the
passengers get out of the car while

you change the tire.

3. Open the hatch. Pull up the floor

mat and remove the spare tire
cover.

4. Take the tool kit out of the spare

tire well.

5. Unscrew the wing bolt and take

the spare tire out of its well.

CONTINUED

Taking Care of the Unexpected

The car can easily roll off the

jack, seriously injuring anyone

underneath.

Follow the directions for

changing a tire exactly, and
never get under the car when it
is supported only by the jack.

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Changing a Flat Tire

6. Turn the jack’s end bracket

counterclockwise to loosen it, then
remove the jack.

7. (Except Type-R)

Loosen the four wheel nuts 1/2
turn with the wheel wrench.

(Type-R)

Loosen the five wheel nuts 1/2
turn with the wheel wrench.

8. Find the jacking point nearest the

wheel you are removing. Place the

jack under the jacking point. Turn

the end bracket clockwise until
the top of the jack contacts the

jacking point. Make sure the
jacking point tab is resting in the
jack notch.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

JACK

WHEEL WRENCH

JACKING POINT

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Changing a Flat Tire

9. Use the extension and wheel

wrench as shown to raise the
vehicle until the flat tire is off the
ground.

10. Remove the wheel nuts and flat

tire. Temporarily place the flat tire
on the ground with the outside
surface of the wheel facing up.
You could scratch the wheel if you
put it face down.

11. Before mounting the spare tire,

wipe any dirt off the mounting
surface of the wheel and hub with
a clean cloth. Wipe the hub
carefully, it may be hot from
driving.

CONTINUED

Taking Care of the Unexpected

EXTENSION

WHEEL WRENCH

BRAKE HUB

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Changing a Flat Tire

12. Put on the spare tire. Put the

wheel nuts back on finger-tight,
then tighten them in a crisscross
pattern with the wheel wrench
until the wheel is firmly against
the hub. Do not try to tighten
them fully.

13. Lower the car to the ground and

remove the jack.

14. Tighten the wheel nuts securely in

the same crisscross pattern. Have
the wheel nut torque checked at
the nearest automotive service
facility.
Tighten the wheel nuts to:
80 lbf.ft (108 N.m , 11 kgf.m)

Taking Care of the Unexpected

(Except Type-R)

(Type-R)

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Changing a Flat Tire, If Your Engine Won’t Start

15. Remove the wheel cover or center

cap.
Place the flat tire face down in the
spare tire well.

16. Remove the spacer cone from the

wing bolt, turn it over, and put it
back on the bolt.

17. Secure the flat tire by screwing

the wing bolt back into its hole.

18. Store the jack in its holder with

the end bracket facing to the right.
Turn the jack’s end bracket to lock
it in place. Store the tool kit.

19. Store the wheel cover or center

cap in the cargo area. Make sure it
will not get scratched or damaged.

20. Reinstall the floor mat and spare

tire cover, then close the hatch.

If Your Engine Won’t Start

Diagnosing why your engine won’t
start falls into two areas, depending
on what you hear when you turn the
key to START (III):

You hear nothing, or almost

nothing. The engine’s starter
motor does not operate at all, or
operates very slowly.

You can hear the starter motor

operating normally, or the starter
motor sounds like it is spinning

faster than normal, but the engine

does not start up and run.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

WING BOLT

SPACER

CONE

Loose items can fly around the
interior in a crash and could
seriously injure the occupants.

Store the wheel, jack and tools
securely before driving.

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If Your Engine Won’t Start

Nothing Happens or the Starter

Motor Operates Very Slowly

When you turn the ignition switch to

START (III), you do not hear the
normal noise of the engine trying to
start. You may hear a clicking sound
or series of clicks, or nothing at all.
Check these things:

Your car has the Immobilizer

System. You should use a
properly-coded master or valet key
to start the engine (see page

72

).

A key that is not properly coded
will cause the immobilizer system

indicator in the dash panel to blink
rapidly.

Check the transmission interlock.
If you have a manual transmission,

the clutch pedal must be pushed

all the way to the floor or the
starter will not operate. With an
automatic transmission, it must be
in Park or Neutral.

Turn the ignition switch to ON (II).
Turn on the headlights and check

their brightness. If the headlights
are very dim or don’t light at all,
the battery is discharged. See

Jump Starting on page

233

.

Turn the ignition switch to START

(III). If the headlights do not dim,

check the condition of the fuses. If
the fuses are OK, there is proba-
bly something wrong with the
electrical circuit for the ignition
switch or starter motor. You will
need a qualified technician to
determine the problem. (See

Emergency Towing on page

248

.)

If the headlights dim noticeably or
go out when you try to start the
engine, either the battery is dis-
charged or the connections are
corroded. Check the condition of

the battery and terminal connec-
tions (see page

189

). You can

then try jump starting the car from
a booster battery (see page

233

).

Taking Care of the Unexpected

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If Your Engine Won’t Start, Jump Starting

The Starter Operates Normally

In this case, the starter motor’s
speed sounds normal, or even faster
than normal, when you turn the
ignition switch to START (III), but
the engine does not run.

Are you using the proper starting

procedure? Refer to

Starting the

Engine on page

137

.

Do you have fuel? Turn the
ignition switch to ON (II) for a
minute and watch the fuel gauge.

The low fuel level warning light

may not be working, so you were
not reminded to fill the tank.

There may be an electrical

problem, such as no power to the
fuel pump. Check all the fuses

(see page

243

).

If you find nothing wrong, you will
need a qualified technician to find
the problem. See

Emergency

Towing on page

248

.

Jump Starting

If your car’s battery has run down,

you may be able to start the engine
by using a booster battery. Although
this seems like a simple procedure,
you should take several precautions.

You cannot start an Acura with an

automatic transmission by pushing
or pulling it.

CONTINUED

Taking Care of the Unexpected

A battery can explode if you do
not follow the correct procedure,
seriously injuring anyone
nearby.

Keep all sparks, open flames,

and smoking materials away
from the battery.

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Jump Starting

To jump start your car, follow these

directions closely:

1. Open the hood and check the

physical condition of the battery

(see page

191

). In very cold

weather, check the condition of
the electrolyte. If it seems slushy

or like ice, do not try jump starting
until it thaws.

If a battery sits in extreme cold, the

electrolyte inside can freeze.

Attempting to jump start with a frozen

battery can cause it to rupture.

2. Turn off all the electrical acces-

sories: heater, A / C , stereo system,

lights, etc.
Put the transmission in Neutral or

Park and set the parking brake.

3. Connect one jumper cable to the

positive ( + ) terminal on your

Acura’s battery. Connect the other

end to the positive ( + ) terminal
on the booster battery.

4. Connect the second jumper cable

to the negative (—) terminal on
the booster battery. Connect the
other end to the grounding strap
as shown. Do not connect this

jumper cable to any other part of

the engine.

5. If the booster battery is in another

vehicle, have an assistant start
that vehicle and run it at a fast idle.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

NOTICE

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Jump Starting

The numbers in the illustration show
you the order to connect the jumper

cables. Make sure to disconnect the
cables in the reverse order.

6. Start your car. If the starter motor

still operates slowly, check the

jumper cable connections to make

sure they have good metal-to-
metal contact.

7. Once your car is running, discon-

nect the negative cable from your
car, then from the booster battery.
Disconnect the positive cable from

your car, then the booster battery.

Keep the ends of the jumper cables
away from each other and any metal
on the vehicle until all are
disconnected. Otherwise, you may
cause an electrical short.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

BOOSTER BATTERY

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If Your Engine Overheats

The pointer of your car’s tempera-

ture gauge should stay in the mid-
range under most conditions. It may
go higher if you are driving up a long

steep hill on a very hot day. If it
climbs to the red mark, you should
determine the reason.

Driving with the temperature gauge

pointer at the red mark can cause

serious damage to your engine.

Your car can overheat for several

reasons, such as lack of coolant or a
mechanical problem. The only
indication may be the temperature
gauge climbing to or above the red
mark. Or you may see steam or
spray coming from under the hood.
In either case, you should take
immediate action.

1. Safely pull to the side of the road.

Put the transmission in Neutral or
Park and set the parking brake.

Turn off the heating and cooling

system and all other accessories.

Turn on the hazard warning

indicators.

2. If you see steam and/or spray

coming from under the hood, turn
off the engine.

3. If you do not see steam or spray,

leave the engine running and
watch the temperature gauge. If
the high heat is due to overloading

(climbing a long, steep hill on a

hot day with the A/C running, for
example), the engine should start
to cool down almost immediately.
If it does, wait until the tempera-
ture gauge comes down to the mid-
point then continue driving.

4. If the temperature gauge stays at

the red mark, turn off the engine.

5. Wait until you see no more signs

of steam or spray, then open the

hood.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

Steam and spray from an
overheated engine can
seriously scald you.

Do not open the hood if steam
is coming out.

NOTICE

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If Your Engine Overheats

6. Look for any obvious coolant leaks,

such as a split radiator hose.
Everything is still extremely hot,
so use caution. If you find a leak, it
must be repaired before you
continue driving (see

Emergency

Towing on page

248

).

7. If you don’t find an obvious leak,

check the coolant level in the
radiator reserve tank (see page

128

). If the level is below the

MIN mark, add coolant to halfway

between the M I N and MAX marks.

8. If there was no coolant in the

reserve tank, you may also have to
add coolant to the radiator. Let the
engine cool down until the pointer
reaches the middle of the tempera-
ture gauge, or lower, before check-
ing the radiator.

9. Using gloves or a large heavy

cloth, turn the radiator cap
counterclockwise, without pushing

down, to the first stop. This
releases any remaining pressure in

the cooling system. After the
pressure releases, push down on
the cap and turn it until it comes

off.

10. Start the engine and set the

temperature control lever to
maximum. Add coolant to the
radiator up to the base of the filler
neck. If you do not have the
proper coolant mixture available,
you can add plain water.
Remember to have the cooling
system drained and refilled with
the proper mixture as soon as you
can.

11. Put the radiator cap back on

tightly. Run the engine and watch
the temperature gauge. If it goes
back to the red mark, the engine
needs repair. (See

Emergency

Towing on page

248

.)

12. If the temperature stays normal,

check the coolant level in the

radiator reserve tank. If it has
gone down, add coolant to the
MAX mark. Put the cap back on
tightly.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

Removing the radiator cap

while the engine is hot can
cause the coolant to spray out,
seriously scalding you.

Always let the engine and

radiator cool down before
removing the radiator cap.

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Low Oil Pressure Indicator

This indicator should light when the

ignition switch is ON (II), and go out
after the engine starts. It should
never come on when the engine is
running. If it starts flashing, it
indicates that the oil pressure
dropped very low for a moment, then
recovered. If the indicator stays on
with the engine running, it shows
that the engine has lost oil pressure
and serious engine damage is
possible. In either case, you should
take immediate action.

Running the engine with low oil

pressure can cause serious mechanical

damage almost immediately. Turn off
the engine as soon as you can safely get
the car stopped.

1. Safely pull off the road and shut

off the engine. Turn on the hazard

warning indicators.

2. Let the car sit for a minute. Open

the hood and check the oil level

(see page

127

). Although oil level

and oil pressure are not directly
connected, an engine that is very
low on oil can lose pressure during
cornering and other driving
maneuvers.

3. If necessary, add oil to bring the

level back to the full mark on the

dipstick (see page

173

).

4. Start the engine and watch the oil

pressure indicator. If the light
does not go out within ten seconds,
turn off the engine. There is a
mechanical problem that needs to
be repaired before you can
continue driving. (See

Emergency

Towing on page

248

.)

Taking Care of the Unexpected

LOW OIL PRESSURE INDICATOR

NOTICE

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