Acura RL (1996-2004 year). Instruction — page 26

Refinishing Procedures

1. Featheredging (polishing damaged areas)

— 1 .Damage to metal surface

• Sand the damaged area flat and smooth with a

double action sander and #60 or #80 disc paper.

• Sand the boundary between the metal surface and

undercoat with a double action sander and #180 or

#280 disc paper. Try to sand a larger area than the

damage.

NOTE:

• Make sure there is no height difference between

the metal surface and undercoat.

• If a double action sander is not available, use a rubber

block and wrap sandpaper around it to sand the

surface.

To prevent eye injury, wear goggles or

safety glasses whenever sanding, cutting or

grinding.

— 2 . Damage to Undercoat

Intermediate coat

Top coat

Paint coat on replacement parts

Sand the damaged surface flat and smooth with a

double action sander and #280 or #320 paper.

NOTE:

• If a double action sander is not available, use a rubber

pad and wet or dry sand the surface with #280, #320,

#400 or #600 sandpaper.

• After sanding, check that the surface is flat and

smooth.

• Perform the operations under Item 1-1 for the areas

where parts are welded to the body.

2. Preparation of metal surface.

Remove all corrosion from the damaged area using a

#180 or #280 paper.

3. Air Blowing/Degreasing

• Air blow the sanded area, then degrease with a wax

and grease remover (for USA usage-Dupont 38125

Enamel Reducer).

• Use the following materials:

• Spies Hecker Sillicon Remover (Herberts)

• Standox Silicon Remover (Herberts)

• Do not use high air pressure: Use only an ap-

proved, 210 kPa (2.1 kgf/cm

2

, 30psi) air nozzle.

• Wear goggles or safety glasses to prevent eye

injury.

4. Treatment of metal surface

• Brush or spray a solution of chrome phosphate or

washer primer on the exposed metal surface.

• Use the following materials to treat the metal sur-

face:

• Metal conditioner (kamsai Paint) (for USA usage-

Dupont 2415 Kwik-Prep TM)

• ACP agent (Nippon Paint)

• Precoat (Isam Paint) (for USA usage-Dupont 6155/

6165 Vari Prim Self-Etching Primer TM)

• Spies Hecker Priomat 1: 1 wash primer 3688

(Herberts)

• Standox Etching Adhesion Primer (Herberts)

NOTE:

• Follow the manufacturer’s instructions.

• Treat the metal surface, as much as possible, to

provide a better bonding surface for the subsequent

paint.

5. Application of Filler

Drying

Sanding

• Small cracks or pinholes in the sheet metal should be

repaired with a filler and sanded flat and smooth.

NOTE:

• Mix the putty with the hardener in the correct ratio.

• Follow the filler manufacturer’s instructions.

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Paint

Refinishing Procedures (cont’d)

Body parts being dried with an

industrial dryer can get hot enough to cause injury.

Do not touch parts being dried.

• Allow the filler to air dry for about 5-6 minutes,

then force dry with an infrared lamp.

NOTE: Keep the lamp 40-50 cm (16-20 in) from the

filler while drying.

• Stop drying the filler if a white mark appears when

the surface is scratched with your nail. Wet or dry

sand the surface flat and smooth with a #280 or

#320 paper.

6. Air Blowing/Degreasing

• Air blow the surface to be repaired, then degrease

with a wax and grease remover (for USA usage-

Dupont 38125 Enamel Reducer).

• Use the following materials:

• Spies Hecker Silicon Remover (Herberts)

• Standox silicon Remover (Herberts)

NOTE: Also clean and degrease surfaces where masking

tape will be attached.

7. Masking

Mask the areas surrounding the damage to prevent

overspray from the primer.

8. Application and Drying of Primer/Drying

• Ventilate when spraying paint. Most paint

contains substances that are harmful if inhaled

or swallowed. Read the paint label before

opening the paint container.

• Avoid contact with skin. Wear an approved

respirator, gloves, eye protection and appropriate

clothing when painting.

• Paint is flammable. Store it in a safe place, and

keep it away from sparks, flames or cigarettes.

• Spray the primer over the filler and surface (use

epoxy or urethane 2-part primer).

Spray : 2-3 coats.

• Do not use high air pressure; use only an ap-

proved, 210 kPa (2.1 kgf/cnv, 30 psi) air nozzle.

• Wear goggles or safety glasses to prevent eye

injury.

• Air blow all the surfaces, then degrease with wax and

grease remover (for USA usage-DuPont 38125

Enamel Reducer).

• Use the following materials:

• Spies Hecker Silicon Remover (Herberts)

• Standox silicon Remover (Herberts)

NOTE: Also degrease the surfaces where masking

tape will be attached.

11. Masking

Mask the undamaged areas surrounding the damage to

prevent overspray from primer surfacer (undercoat).

NOTE:- Use masking tape and paper to mask the body. A

vinyl cover may also be used to effectively mask the

body.

• Use the following materials:

• 615S Primer Surfacer (DuPont)

• Primer Surfacer EP (Akzo)

• NPS735 Urethane Primer Surfacer (R-M)

• Spies Hecker Permacron HS Surfacer (Herberts)

• Standox 2K HS Filler (Herberts)

• Let the primer air dry for 5-10 minutes, then force

dry with a infrared lamp.

NOTE: Keep the dryer 40-50 cm (16-20 in) from the

surface.

9. Polishing Undercoat

• Remove the masking paper and tape.

• Check that the undercoat has dried thoroughly, then

dry or wet sand the surface with a #280 or #320

paper.

NOTE:

• Use a rubber block and sand flat and smooth.

• Sand the entire surface to be refinished.

10. Air Blowing/Degreasing

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12. Application of Intermediate Coat 1/Drying

15. Masking

Check the masking paper (Step 11) for tears or
fouling, and repair or reinforce as necessary (see page

8-8

).

16. Application of Intermediate Coat 2

• Ventilate when spraying paint. Most paint

contains substances that are harmful if inhaled

or swallowed. Read the paint label before

opening paint container.

• Avoid contact with skin. Wear an approved

respirator, gloves, eye protection and

appropriate clothing when painting.

• Paint is flammable. Store in a safe place, and

keep it away from sparks, flames or cigarettes.

• Spray either 2-part epoxy or urethane primer surfacer

to the polished primed surface as an intermediate

coat.

• Let the paint coat air dry for 5-10 minutes, then

force dry with an infrared lamp.

NOTE: Keep the dryer 40-50 cm (16-20 in) from the

surface.

For replacement parts:

Spray intermediate coat 2 over the surface.

NOTE:

• For inner surfaces, you may start with Step 16

«Application of Intermediate Coat 2.»

• Top coat enamel is used for this purpose

13. Polishing of Intermediate Coat 1

Check that the undercoat is dried thoroughly, then dry

or wet sand the surface with a #400 or #600 paper.

NOTE: Use a rubber block and sand flat and smooth,

covering entire surface.

14. Air Blowing/Degreasing

• Ventilate when spraying paint. Most paint

contains substances that are harmful if inhaled

or swallowed. Read the paint label before

opening paint container.

• Avoid contact with skin. Wear an approved

respirator, gloves, eye protection and

appropriate clothing when painting.

• Paint is flammable. Store in a safe place, and

keep it away from sparks, flames or cigarettes.

• Use the same color paint as the top coat, and spray

it over the surface until the intermediate coat
(primer surfacer) is fully covered.

• Spray the paint slightly thicker than normal to allow

for loss during subsequent polishing.

• Super ponacle II (R-M)

• Super Centari (Du Pont)
• Auto cryl (Akzo)

• Spies Hecker Permacron 2K Acrylic Top Coat

(Herberts)

• Standocryl 2K (standox) (Herberts)

17. Polishing of Intermediate Coat 2

• Check that the paint coat has been dried thoroughly,

then dry or wet sand the surface with a #600,

#800, or #1000 paper.

NOTE: Use a rubber block and sand flat and smooth,

being careful not to expose the intermediate coat 1.

Polishing of Top Coat (if damaged):

• Use the same technique described above.

• Do not use high air pressure; use only an approved,

210 kPa (2.1 kgf/cm

2

, 30 psi) air nozzle.

• Wear goggles or safety glasses to prevent eye

injury.

• Air blow the entire surface, then degrease with a wax

and grease remover (for USA usage-DuPont 38125

Enamel Reducer).

• Use the following materials:

• Spies Hecker Silicon Remover (Herberts)

• Standox silicon Remover (Herberts)

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Refinishing Procedures (cont’d)

18. Air Blowing/Degreasing

• Avoid contact with skin. Wear an approved

respirator, gloves, eye protection and

appropriate clothing when painting.

• Paint is flammable. Store in a safe place, and

keep it away from sparks, flames or cigarettes.

• Spray color-matched top coat over the prepared

surface. Apply 2-3 coats in two directions until the

intermediate coat 2 is fully covered.

NOTE: For application of the top coat, refer to Step 16

«Application of Intermediate Coat 2.»

Pearl color: Pearl enamel + clear coat

Metallic color: Metallic enamel + clear coat

NOTE: With body color are NH-592P and G-79P, spray the

scratch resistant clear coat.

• Use the following materials:

• Do not use high air pressure; use only an approved,

210kPa (2.1 kgf/cm

2

, 30 psi) air nozzle.

• Wear goggles or safety glasses to prevent eye injury.

• Air blow the entire surface, then degrease with a wax

and grease remover (for USA usage-DuPont 38125

Enamel Reducer).

• Use the following materials:

• Spies Hecker Silicon Remover (Herberts)

• Standox Silicon Remover (Herberts)

• For shading or spot painting, polish the area with a

polishing compound. Sand with a #2000 paper to

give a better bonding surface for the subsequent

paint.

19. Masking

• Remove all existing masking papers, then mask

with new papers.

• Use a heat-resistant masking tape (SCOTCH TAPE)

where tape is attached directly to the body.

• Use brown paper or masking roll paper to cover.

NOTE:

• Mask the area surrounding the damage sufficiently

to prevent overspray. It is also a good practice to use

a vinyl cover to protect other areas.

• Protect resin parts with aluminum foil under the

brown paper or masking paper to prevent damage to

due to heat during baking.

20. Application of Top Coat Spraying/drying

• Prior to putting the car in the painting booth, thor-

oughly clean the interior and spray water over the

floor. Be careful about blowing dust and dirt.

Use materials above or equivalents.

• Do not use high air pressure; use only an approved,

210kPa (2.1 kgf/cm

2

, 30 psi) air nozzle.

• Wear goggles or safety glasses to prevent eye injury.

• Air dry and degrease the surface before spraying the

paint. Also clean the surface with a tack cloth.

• Ventilate when spraying paint. Most paint

contains substances that are harmful if inhaled

or swallowed. Read the paint label before

opening paint container.

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