Acura RL (2011 year). Instruction — page 26

This section gives you tips on
starting the engine under various
conditions, and how to operate the
automatic transmission. It also
includes important information on
parking your vehicle, the braking
system, the Super Handling-All
Wheel Drive

(SH-AWD ) system,

the vehicle stability assist (VSA )
system, the tire pressure monitoring
system (TPMS), the Collision
mitigation braking system
(CMBS ), and facts you need if you
are planning to tow a trailer.

……………………

Preparing to Drive

. 400

…………………..

Starting the Engine

. 401

Check Starting System

……………………………

Message

. 402

…………..

Automatic Transmission

. 403

Driving with the Paddle

……………………………..

Shifters

. 407

…………….

D-Paddle Shift Mode

. 407

…………..

Sequential Shift Mode

. 409

Super Handling-All Wheel Drive

……………..

(SH-AWD ) System

. 412

…………………………………….

Parking

. 414

………………………..

Braking System

. 415

……………

Anti-lock Brakes (ABS)

. 416

Collision Mitigation Braking

………………

System

(CMBS )

. 418

Tire Pressure Monitoring

……………………

System (TPMS)

. 429

Vehicle Stability Assist (VSA ),

aka Electronic Stability

……..

Control (ESC), System

. 435

………………………

Towing a Trailer

. 437

……………….

Towing Your Vehicle

. 442

Driving

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TM

TM

TM

TM

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Make sure all windows, mirrors,
and outside lights are clean and
unobstructed. Remove frost, snow,
or ice.

Check that the hood is fully closed.

Check that any items you may be
carrying are stored properly or
fastened down securely.

Check the seat adjustment (see
page

).

Check the steering wheel
adjustment (see page

).

Make sure the doors and the
trunk are securely closed and
locked.

Fasten your seat belt. Check that
your passengers have fastened
their seat belts (see page

).

You should do the following checks
and adjustments before you drive
your vehicle.

When you start the engine, check
the gauges and indicators in the
instrument panel, and the
messages on the multi-information
display (see pages

,

and

).

Check the adjustment of the
inside and outside mirrors (see
page

).

Visually check the tires. If a tire
looks low, use a gauge to check its
pressure.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

17

78

61

70

156

148

161

Preparing to Drive

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Apply the parking brake.

In cold weather, turn off all
electrical accessories to reduce
the drain on the battery.

Make sure the shift lever is in
Park. Press on the brake pedal.

Your vehicle’s starting system has an
auto control mode. When you turn
the ignition switch to the START
(III) position, this feature keeps the
engine’s starter motor running until
the engine starts. Follow these
instructions to start the engine:

Without touching the accelerator
pedal, turn the ignition switch to
the START (III) position, then
release the ignition switch. You do
not need to hold the ignition
switch in the START (III) position
to start the engine. Depending on
the outside temperature, the
starter motor runs for about 6 to 9
seconds until the engine starts.

If you hold the ignition switch in
the START (III) position for more
than 7 seconds, the starter motor,
depending on the outside
temperature, runs for about 10 to
25 seconds until the engine starts.

If the engine does not start, wait at
least 10 seconds before trying
again.

1.

2.

3.

4.

Starting the Engine

D

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401

The immobilizer system protects your
vehicle f rom thef t. If an improperly
coded key (or other device) is used, the
engine’s f uel system is disabled. For
more inf ormation, see page

.

The engine is harder to start in cold
weather. Also, the thinner air f ound at
altitudes above 8,000 f eet (2,400
meters) adds to this problem.

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If there is a problem with the
starting system, you will see a
‘‘CHECK STARTING SYSTEM’’
message on the multi-information
display when the ignition switch is
turned to the ON (II) position. You
will also see this message when the
auto control mode of the starting
system has a problem.

If this message is on, the ignition
switch has to be held in the
START (III) position manually
until the engine starts. The
ignition switch can be held in that
position up to 15 seconds.

Even though you may be able to
start the engine manually without
the auto control mode of the starting
system, have your dealer inspect
your vehicle.

Starting the Engine

Check Starting System Message

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The ‘‘D’’ indicator comes on for a
few seconds when you turn the
ignition switch to the ON (II)
position. If it flashes while driving (in
any shift position), it indicates a
possible problem in the transmission.

If the malfunction indicator lamp
comes on along with the ‘‘D’’
indicator, there is a problem with the
automatic transmission control
system. Avoid rapid acceleration, and
have the transmission checked by
your dealer as soon as possible.

When the ‘‘D’’ indicator warns of a
possible problem with the
transmission, you will see a ‘‘CHECK
TRANSMISSION’’ message on the
multi-information display.

Using a paddle shift mode, the gear
position indicator shows you the
selected gear number (see page

).

These indicators in the tachometer
show which position the shift lever is
in.

407

Automatic Transmission

Shif t Lever Position Indicators

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403

GEAR POSITION INDICATOR on
PADDLE SHIFT MODE

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If you have done all of the above and
still cannot move the lever out of
Park, see

on

page

.

To avoid transmission damage, come
to a complete stop before shifting
into Park. You must also press the
release button to shift into Park. The
shift lever must be in Park before
you can turn the ignition switch to
the LOCK (0) position, or remove
the built-in key from the ignition
switch.

Press the brake

pedal and press the release button to
shift from Park to reverse. To shift
from reverse to neutral, come to a
complete stop and then shift. Press
the release button before shifting
into reverse from neutral.

To shift from Park to any position,
press firmly on the brake pedal, and
press the release button on the top
of the shift lever, then move the
lever. You cannot shift out of Park
when the ignition switch is in the
LOCK (0) or ACCESSORY (I)
position.

This position

mechanically locks the transmission.
Use Park whenever you are turning
off or starting the engine. To shift
out of Park, you must press on the
brake pedal and have your foot off
the accelerator pedal. Press the
release button on the top of the shift
lever to move it.

405

To shift from:

P to R

R to P

N to R

D to S

S to D

D to N

N to D

R to N

Do this:

Press the brake pedal, and

press the shift lever release

button.

Press the shift lever release

button.

Move the shift lever.

Automatic Transmission

Shif t Lock Release

Reverse (R)

Shif ting

Park (P)

404

RELEASE BUTTON

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CONTINUED

Use neutral if you

need to restart a stalled engine, or if
it is necessary to stop briefly with
the engine idling. Shift to the Park
position if you need to leave your
vehicle for any reason. Press on the
brake pedal when you are moving
the shift lever from neutral to
another gear.

If you exceed the maximum speed
for the gear you are in, the engine
speed will enter into the tachometer’s
red zone. If this occurs, you may feel
the engine cut in and out. This is
caused by a limiter in the engine’s
computer controls. The engine will
run normally when you reduce the
rpm below the red zone.

With the shift lever in D or S, you
can also use the paddle shifters to
shift the transmission up or down.
With the paddle shifters, you can
operate the transmission much like a
manual transmission without a
clutch pedal. For more information
on driving with the paddle shifters,
see page

.

To shift into the S

position, press the release button on
the top of the shift lever, and move
the lever to S. This position is similar
to D, except only gears from first to
fifth are selected. (When shifting up
automatically, the vehicle speed is
higher than when in the D position.)
The S position keeps the

transmission from cycling between
fourth, fifth and sixth gears in stop-
and-go driving.

Use this position for

your normal driving. The
transmission automatically selects a
suitable gear (1 through 6 gear) to
keep the engine at the best speed for
the driving conditions.

This allows you to move the shift
lever out of Park if the normal
method of pushing on the brake
pedal and pressing the release
button does not work.

Make sure the ignition switch is in
the LOCK (0) position.

Set the parking brake.

Remove the built-in key from the
keyless access remote (see page

).

1.

2.

407

181

Shif t Lock Release

Neutral (N)

Engine Speed Limiter

S Position (S)

Drive (D)

Automatic Transmission

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If you need to use the shift lock
release, it means your vehicle is
developing a problem. Have the
vehicle checked by a dealer.

Push down on the built-in key
while you press the release button
and move the shift lever out of
Park to neutral.

Remove the built-in key from the
shift lock release slot, then
reinstall the cover. Make sure the
notch on the cover is on the driver’s
side. Press the brake pedal, and
restart the engine.

Insert the built-in key into the shift
lock release slot.

Put a cloth on the edge of the shift
lock release slot cover to prevent
scratches. Use a small flat-tip
screwdriver or metal fingernail file
to carefully pry up the edge of the
cover and remove it from the slot.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Automatic Transmission

406

COVER

SHIFT LOCK RELEASE SLOT

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————————————————————————————————————————————————————-

CONTINUED

When you are driving in the D
position, you can shift the
transmission up or down manually
with the paddle shifters.

To shift up or down, use the
(right) or

(left) paddle shifter on

either side of the steering wheel.

Each time you pull

(right), the

transmission shifts to a higher gear.
Pull

(left) to downshift. You will

see the selected gear number on the
instrument panel.

When you pull either paddle shifter,
the gear position indicator shows you
the selected gear number.

Downshifting with the paddle shifter
allows you to increase the engine
braking when going down steep or
long hills, and provides more power
when climbing uphills. You can
upshift the transmission manually to
reduce the rpm.

Using the Paddle Shif ters in the
D position (D-Paddle Shif t Mode)

Driving with the Paddle Shifters

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GEAR POSITION INDICATOR

PADDLE SHIFTERS

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The transmission control system
monitors the accelerator pedal use
and your driving conditions. When
you press the accelerator pedal as in
normal driving, the system judges
that you are driving at a constant
cruising speed without using the
paddle shifters. Under these
conditions, D-paddle shift mode is
canceled, and the transmission
automatically returns to drive mode
(D).

The automatic transmission will not
allow you to shift up or down if:

You downshift before the engine
speed reaches the highest
threshold of the lower gear.

If you try to do this, the gear
position indicator will flash the
number of the lower gear several
times, then return to a higher gear.

You upshift before the engine
speed reaches the lowest
threshold of the higher gear.

You pull both paddle shifters at
the same time.

You pull one of the two paddle
shifters with another paddle
shifter being pressed.

Each time you pull either paddle
shifter, the transmission shifts one
gear up or down.

The transmission remains in the
selected gear if you do not accelerate.

When the transmission returns to
drive mode (D), the displayed gear
number disappears.

Hold the

paddle shifter for 2

seconds to return to drive mode (D).

You can also shift down two gears at
a time if the selected gear is between
the second and sixth, and the engine
speed is within the appropriate range.
Pull the paddle shifter twice to select
a gear.

If you want to shift up or down more
than two gears, pull the paddle
shifter twice, pause, and then pull it
again.

Driving with the Paddle Shifters

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CONTINUED

With the shift lever in the S position,
you can select the sequential shift
mode to shift gears; much like a
manual transmission using the
paddle shifters, but without a clutch
pedal.

You are trying to downshift from
second to first with the accelerator
pedal off.

The transmission downshifts to first
gear and returns to drive mode (D)
when the vehicle comes to a
complete stop or the vehicle speed is
about 6 mph (10 km/h).

If there is a problem in the
transmission while you are driving
with the paddle shifters, the D
indicator flashes, the D-paddle shift
mode is canceled, and the
transmission returns to drive mode
(D).

When you depress the accelerator
pedal to the floor, the transmission
will downshift from second to first.

Shifting between first and second
gears may occur automatically.
Downshifting from second to first
with the accelerator pedal off is not
allowed.

When you move the shift lever from
‘‘D’’ to ‘‘S’’ and pull either paddle
shifter, the gear position indicator
displays ‘‘M’’ along with the selected
gear number.

To enter the sequential shift mode,
press the release button on the top
of the shift lever, move the lever to
the S position, then pull either paddle
shifter. To cancel the sequential shift
mode and return to the ordinary
automatic transmission, move the
shift lever from the S position. When
moving the shift lever, be careful not
to operate incorrectly. While you are
driving in the sequential shift mode,

the transmission will not
automatically return to ordinary
automatic transmission.

Driving with the Paddle Shifters

Using the Paddle Shif ters in the S
position (Sequential Shif t Mode)

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409

GEAR POSITION INDICATOR

‘‘M’’ INDICATOR

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The automatic transmission will not
allow you to shift up or down if:

You downshift before the engine
speed reaches the highest
threshold of the lower gear.

If you try to do this, the gear
position indicator will flash the
number of the lower gear several
times, then return to a higher gear.

If the vehicle speed decreases
below the redline of the selected
lower gear while the indicator is
flashing, the transmission
downshifts, and the indicator
displays the selected gear.

You upshift before the engine
speed reaches the lowest
threshold of the higher gear.

The transmission also shifts
automatically as the vehicle comes to
a complete stop. It downshifts to first
gear when the vehicle speed reaches
6 mph (10 km/h) or less.

Downshifting with the paddle shifter
allows you to increase the engine
braking when going down steep or
long hills, and provides more power
when climbing uphills. You can
upshift the transmission manually to
reduce the rpm.

When you are driving, the
transmission downshifts to the lower
gear under the following conditions:

The vehicle slows down to a
certain speed.

You press the brake pedal.

The vehicle detects that you are
driving uphill or downhill.

To upshift, pull the

(right) paddle

shifter. To downshift, pull the
(left) paddle shifter.

When you accelerate from a stop,
the transmission starts in first gear,
and shifts from first to second
automatically. You must manually
upshift between second and sixth
gears. Make sure you upshift before
the engine speed reaches the
tachometer’s red zone.

The transmission remains in the
selected gear (6, 5, 4, 3, or 2). There
is no automatic downshift when you
push the accelerator pedal to the
floor.

Driving with the Paddle Shifters

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Drive in the highest gear that lets
the engine run and accelerate
smoothly. This will give you good
fuel economy and effective
emissions control. The following
shift points are recommended:

When you are in sequential shift
mode, and the vehicle is stopped,
pull the

(right) paddle shifter to

shift to second gear. You will see
‘‘M2’’ in the display. Starting in
second gear helps to reduce
wheelspin in deep snow or on a
slippery surface.

You pull both paddle shifters at
the same time.

You pull one of the two paddle
shifters with another paddle
shifter being pressed.

Shift up

1st to 2nd

2nd to 3rd

3rd to 4th
4th to 5th
5th to 6th

Normal acceleration

15 mph (24 km/h)
25 mph (40 km/h)
40 mph (64 km/h)
45 mph (72 km/h)
50 mph (81 km/h)

Driving with the Paddle Shifters

Recommended Shif t Points

Starting in Second Gear

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The super handling-all wheel drive
(SH-AWD) system is a full time all-
wheel-drive system that
automatically controls and transfers
varying amounts of engine torque to
all wheels independently, according
to the driving conditions.

While the SH-AWD system helps to
enhance the vehicle’s driving
stability in all situations, it is still
your responsibility to drive and
corner at reasonable speeds and to
leave a sufficient margin of safety.

The SH-AWD torque distribution
monitor on the multi-information
display shows you the amount of
torque being sent to the wheels.
Each wheel

right front (RF), left

front (LF), right rear (RR), and left
rear (LR)

has its own torque

indicator.

Each torque indicator is displayed as
a bar graph divided into 5 segments.
The number of segments represents
the amount of torque distributed to
each wheel.

When there is only a slight change in
torque distribution while driving,
such as cruising on level roads at the
same speed, the torque distribution
monitor may stop displaying the
amount of torque. This is not a
system problem. The monitor will
show the amount if the system
senses any change in torque
distribution.

Super Handling-All Wheel Drive (SH-AWD ) System

SH-AWD Torque Distribution
Monitor

412

TORQUE INDICATOR

TORQUE INDICATOR

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If the SH-AWD indicator blinks while
driving, it indicates the differential
temperature is too high. You will also
see an ‘‘SH-AWD DIFF TEMP.
HIGH’’ message on the multi-
information display. If this happens,
pull to the side of the road when it is
safe, shift to Park, and let the engine
idle until the indicator goes out. If
the indicator does not go out, take
your vehicle to a dealer to have it
checked.

If the SH-AWD indicator on the
instrument panel stays on, and the
‘‘CHECK SH-AWD SYSTEM’’
message also appears on the multi-
information display, there is problem
with the SH-AWD system.

Your vehicle still has normal front-
wheel drive with vehicle stability
assist (VSA), but does not have the
advantages of SH-AWD. Have your
vehicle checked by a dealer as soon
as possible.

Super Handling-All Wheel Drive (SH-AWD ) System

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Always use the parking brake when
you park your vehicle. Make sure
the parking brake is set firmly or
your vehicle may roll if it is on an
incline.

Set the parking brake before you put
the transmission in Park. This keeps
the vehicle from moving and putting
pressure on the parking mechanism
in the transmission.

Make sure the moonroof and the
windows are closed.

Turn off the lights.

Place any packages, valuables, etc.,
in the trunk or take them with you.

Lock the doors.

Never park over dry leaves, tall
grass, or other flammable
materials. The hot three way
catalytic converter could cause
these materials to catch on fire.

If the vehicle is facing uphill, turn
the front wheels away from the
curb.

If the vehicle is facing downhill,
turn the front wheels toward the
curb.

Check the indicator on the
instrument panel to verify that the
security system is set.

Make sure the parking brake is
fully released before driving away.
Driving with the parking brake
partially set can overheat or
damage the rear brakes.

Parking Tips

Parking

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