Acura RL (2011 year). Instruction — page 32

This section covers the more
common problems that motorists
experience with their vehicles. It
gives you information about how to
safely evaluate the problem and what
to do to correct it. If the problem has
stranded you on the side of the road,
you may be able to get going again.
If not, you will also find instructions
on getting your vehicle towed.

………………….

Compact Spare Tire

. 496

………………..

Changing a Flat Tire

. 497

………….

If the Engine Won’t Start

. 501

…………………………..

Jump Starting

. 502

…………..

If the Engine Overheats

. 505

………

Low Oil Pressure Indicator

. 508

……….

Charging System Indicator

. 508

…….

Malfunction Indicator Lamp

. 509

……………

Brake System Indicator

. 510

Opening the Fuel Fill Door

………………………………

Manually

. 511

……………………………………….

Fuses

. 512

…………………………

Fuse Locations

. 518

………………….

Emergency Towing

. 521

……….

If Your Vehicle Gets Stuck

. 521

Taking Care of the Unexpected

T

a

k

ing
Ca
re

of
th

e

U

ne
x

p

e

c

te

d

495

10/08/04 20:08:26 31SJA660_500

————————————————————————————————————————————————————-

Use the compact spare tire as a
temporary replacement only. Get
your regular tire repaired or replaced,
and put it back on your vehicle as
soon as you can.

Check the air pressure of the
compact spare tire every time you
check the other tires. It should be
inflated to:

Replace the tire when you can see
the tread wear indicator bars. The
replacement tire should be the same
size and design, mounted on the
same wheel. The spare tire is not
designed to be mounted on a regular
wheel, and the spare wheel is not
designed for mounting a regular tire.

Do not mount snow chains on the
compact spare tire.

Do not use your compact spare
tire on another vehicle unless it is
the same make and model.

Follow these precautions:

Never exceed 50 mph (80 km/h).

This tire gives a harsher ride and
less traction on some road
surfaces. Use greater caution
while driving.

After the flat tire is replaced with
the spare tire, the low tire
pressure/TPMS indicator stays on.
After several miles (kilometers)
driving with the spare, this
indicator begins to flash, then
stays on again. You will also see a
‘‘CHECK TPMS SYSTEM’’
message on the multi-information
display (see page

).

433

Compact Spare Tire

496

INDICATOR LOCATION MARKS

TREAD WEAR INDICATOR

60 psi (420 kPa , 4.2 kgf/cm )

10/08/04 20:08:37 31SJA660_501

————————————————————————————————————————————————————-

Take the tool case out of the spare
tire.

Open the trunk, and fold the trunk
floor forward.

Unscrew the wing bolt, and
remove the spacer cone. Then
take the spare tire out of its well.

Park the vehicle on firm, level, and
non-slippery ground. Put the
transmission in Park. Apply the
parking brake.
If you are towing a trailer, unhitch
it.

Turn on the hazard warning lights,
and turn the ignition switch to the
LOCK (0) position. Have all
passengers get out of the vehicle
while you change the tire.

If you have a flat tire while driving,
pull over safely. Drive slowly along
the shoulder until you get to an area
far away from traffic lanes.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

CONTINUED

Changing a Flat Tire

T

a

k

ing
Ca
re

of
th

e

U

ne
x

p

e

c

te

d

497

TRUNK FLOOR

TOOL CASE

JACK

SPARE TIRE

The vehicle can easily roll off
the jack, seriously injuring
anyone underneath.

Follow the directions for
changing a tire exactly, and
never get under the vehicle
when it is supported only by the
jack.

10/08/04 20:08:47 31SJA660_502

————————————————————————————————————————————————————-

Use the extension and the wheel
nut wrench as shown to raise the
vehicle until the flat tire is off the
ground.

Loosen each wheel nut 1/2 turn
with the wheel nut wrench.

Place the jack under the jacking
point nearest the tire you need to
change. It is pointed to by a
mark molded into the underside of
the body. Turn the end bracket
clockwise until the top of the jack
contacts the jacking point. Make
sure the jacking point tab is
resting in the jack notch.

Remove the wheel nuts, then
remove the flat tire. Handle the
wheel nuts carefully; they may be
hot from driving. Place the flat tire
on the ground with the outside
surface facing up.

6.

7.

8.

9.

Changing a Flat Tire

498

WHEEL NUT WRENCH

EXTENSION

WHEEL NUT WRENCH

10/08/04 20:08:57 31SJA660_503

————————————————————————————————————————————————————-

Before mounting the spare tire,
wipe any dirt off the mounting
surface of the wheel and hub with
a clean cloth. Wipe the hub
carefully; it may be hot from
driving.

Put on the spare tire. Put the
wheel nuts back on finger-tight,
then tighten them in a crisscross
pattern with the wheel nut wrench
until the wheel is firmly against
the hub. Do not try to tighten the
wheel nuts fully.

Lower the vehicle to the ground,
and remove the jack.

10.

11.

12.

CONTINUED

Changing a Flat Tire

T

a

k

ing
Ca
re

of
th

e

U

ne
x

p

e

c

te

d

499

BRAKE HUB

10/08/04 20:09:05 31SJA660_504

————————————————————————————————————————————————————-

Store the jack and tools in the tool
case. Place the tool case in the flat
tire.

Tighten the wheel nuts securely in
the same crisscross pattern. Have
the wheel nut torque checked at
the nearest automotive service
facility.
Tighten the wheel nuts to:

Place the flat tire face down in the
spare tire well.

Wrap the spacer cone and spare
tire wing bolt with cloth or paper,
and store them in the spare tire
well.

Lower the trunk floor, then close
the trunk lid.

Your vehicle’s original tire has a
tire pressure monitoring system
sensor. To replace a tire, refer to

(see

page

).

14.

13.

15.

16.

17.

18.

430

Changing a Flat Tire

Changing a Tire with TPMS

500

WING BOLT

SPACER CONE

94 lbf·ft (127 N·m , 13 kgf·m)

Loose items can fly around the
interior in a crash and could
seriously injure the occupants.

Store the wheel, jack, and tools
securely before driving.

10/08/04 20:09:16 31SJA660_505

————————————————————————————————————————————————————-

When you turn the ignition switch to
the START (III) position, you do not
hear the normal noise of the engine
trying to start. You may hear a
clicking sound, a series of clicks, or
nothing at all.

Turn the ignition switch to the
START (III) position. If the
headlights do not dim, check the
condition of the fuses. If the fuses
are OK, there is probably
something wrong with the
electrical circuit for the ignition
switch or starter motor. You will
need a qualified technician to
determine the problem. See

on page

.

Diagnosing why the engine won’t
start falls into two areas, depending
on what you hear when you turn the
ignition switch to the START (III)
position:

Check these things:

Turn the ignition switch to the ON
(II) position. Turn on the
headlights, and check their
brightness. If the headlights are
very dim or do not come on at all,
the battery is discharged. See

on page

.

Check the transmission interlock.
The transmission must be in Park
or neutral or the starter will not
operate.

Make sure the remote is with you,
inside the vehicle.

If the headlights dim noticeably or
go out when you try to start the
engine, either the battery is
discharged or the connections are
corroded. Check the condition of the
battery and terminal connections
(see page

). You can then try

jump starting the vehicle from a
booster battery (see page

).

You can hear the starter motor
operating normally, or the starter
motor sounds like it is spinning
faster than normal, but the engine
does not start up and run.

You hear nothing, or almost
nothing. The engine’s starter
motor does not operate at all, or
operates very slowly.

502

521

490

502

Nothing Happens or the Starter
Motor Operates Very Slowly

Emergency Towing

Jump Starting

If the Engine Won’t Start

T

a

k

ing
Ca
re

of
th

e

U

ne
x

p

e

c

te

d

501

10/08/04 20:09:28 31SJA660_506

————————————————————————————————————————————————————-

In this case, the starter motor’s
speed sounds normal, or even faster
than normal, when you turn the
ignition switch to the START (III)
position, but the engine does not run.

Are you using the proper starting
procedure? Refer to

on page

.

There may be an electrical
problem, such as no power to the
fuel pump. Check all the fuses
(see page

).

If you find nothing wrong, you will
need a qualified technician to find
the problem. See

on page

.

Are you using a properly coded
built-in key or remote? An
improperly coded built-in key or
remote will cause the immobilizer
system indicator in the instrument
panel to blink rapidly (see page

).

Do you have fuel? Check the fuel
gauge; the low fuel indicator may
not be working.

Although this seems like a simple
procedure, you should take several
precautions.

You cannot start your vehicle by
pushing or pulling it.

401

521

512

150

The Starter Operates Normally

Starting the

Engine

Emergency

Towing

Jump Starting

If the Engine Won’t Start, Jump Starting

502

A battery can explode if you do
not follow the correct procedure,
seriously injuring anyone
nearby.

Keep all sparks, open flames,
and smoking materials away
from the battery.

10/08/04 20:09:40 31SJA660_507

————————————————————————————————————————————————————-

Open the hood, and check the
physical condition of the battery.
In very cold weather, check the
condition of the electrolyte. If it
seems slushy or frozen, do not try
jump starting until it thaws.

Turn off all the electrical acces-
sories: heater, A/C, climate
control, stereo system, lights, etc.
Put the transmission in Park, and
set the parking brake.

Remove the battery cover (see
page

), then remove the

secondary under-hood fuse box
cover from the positive (

)

terminal on the battery.

The numbers in the illustration show
you the order to connect the jumper
cables.

Connect one jumper cable to the
positive (

) terminal on your

vehicle’s battery. Connect the
other end to the positive (

)

terminal on the booster battery.

1.

2.

3.

4.

492

CONTINUED

To Jump Start Your Vehicle:

Jump Starting

T

a

k

ing
Ca
re

of
th

e

U

ne
x

p

e

c

te

d

503

COVER

BOOSTER BATTERY

If a battery sits in extreme cold, the
electrolyte inside can f reeze.
Attempting to jump start with a f rozen
battery can cause it to rupture.

10/09/08 21:20:44 31SJA660_508

————————————————————————————————————————————————————-

Start your vehicle. If the starter
motor still operates slowly, check
that the jumper cables have good
metal-to-metal contact.

Once your vehicle is running,
disconnect the negative cable from
your vehicle, then from the
booster battery. Disconnect the
positive cable from your vehicle,
then from the booster battery.

Reinstall the secondary under-
hood fuse box cover over the
positive (

) terminal of the

battery, then reinstall the battery
cover.

If the booster battery is in another
vehicle, have an assistant start
that vehicle and run it at a fast idle.

Keep the ends of the jumper cables
away from each other and any metal
on the vehicle until everything is
disconnected. Otherwise, you may
cause an electrical short.

Connect the second jumper cable
to the negative (

) terminal on

the booster battery. Connect the
other end to the engine hanger as
shown. Do not connect this jumper
cable to any other part of the
engine.

7.

5.

6.

8.

9.

Jump Starting

504

Connecting the jumper cable to the
secondary under-hood f use box causes
the f uses to blow.

10/08/04 20:10:03 31SJA660_509

————————————————————————————————————————————————————-

The pointer of the vehicle’s
temperature gauge should stay in
the midrange. If it climbs to the red
mark, you should determine the
reason (hot day, driving up a steep
hill, etc.).

If your vehicle overheats, you should
take immediate action. The only
indication may be the temperature
gauge climbing to or above the red
mark. Or you may see steam or
spray coming from under the hood.

If you do not see steam or spray,
leave the engine running and
watch the temperature gauge. If
the high heat is due to overloading,
the engine should start to cool
down almost immediately. If it
does, wait until the temperature
gauge comes down to the midpoint,
then continue driving.

If the temperature gauge stays at
the red mark, turn off the engine.

Look for any obvious coolant leaks,
such as a split radiator hose.
Everything is still extremely hot,
so use caution. If you find a leak, it
must be repaired before you
continue driving (see

on page

).

If you see steam and/or spray
coming from under the hood,
turn off the engine. Wait until
you see no more signs of steam
or spray, then open the hood.

Safely pull to the side of the road.
Put the transmission in Park, and
set the parking brake. Turn off all
the accessories, and turn on the
hazard warning lights.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

521

CONTINUED

Emergency

Towing

If the Engine Overheats

T

a

k

ing
Ca
re

of
th

e

U

ne
x

p

e

c

te

d

505

Steam and spray from an
overheated engine can
seriously scald you.

Do not open the hood if steam
is coming out.

Driving with the temperature gauge
pointer at the red mark can cause
serious damage to the engine.

10/08/04 20:10:15 31SJA660_510

————————————————————————————————————————————————————-

If you do not find an obvious leak,
check the coolant level in the
radiator reserve tank. Add coolant
if the level is below the MIN mark.

If there was no coolant in the
reserve tank, you may need to add
coolant to the radiator. Let the
engine cool down until the pointer
reaches the middle of the tempera-
ture gauge, or lower, before check-
ing the radiator.

Using gloves or a large heavy
cloth, turn the radiator cap
counterclockwise, without pushing
down, to the first stop. After the
pressure releases, push down on
the cap, and turn it until it comes
off.

Put the radiator cap back on
tightly. Run the engine, and check
the temperature gauge. If it goes
back to the red mark, the engine
needs repair (see

on page

).

If the temperature stays normal,
check the coolant level in the
radiator reserve tank. If it has
gone down, add coolant to the
MAX mark. Put the cap back on
tightly.

Start the engine, and set the
temperature to maximum heat
(climate control to AUTO at
‘‘

’’). Add coolant to the

radiator up to the base of the filler
neck. If you do not have the
proper coolant mixture available,
you can add plain water.
Remember to have the cooling
system drained and refilled with
the proper mixture as soon as you
can.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

521

Emergency

Towing

If the Engine Overheats

506

Removing the radiator cap
while the engine is hot can
cause the coolant to spray out,
seriously scalding you.

Always let the engine and
radiator cool down before
removing the radiator cap.

10/08/04 20:10:25 31SJA660_511

————————————————————————————————————————————————————-

You can still drive your vehicle even
if this message appears on the multi-
information display, however you
should check the temperature gauge
while driving.

If you notice the temperature gauge
climbing to or above the red mark,
safely pull to the side of the road.
Follow the instructions on pages

and

.

If there is a problem with the
radiator system, you will see a
‘‘CHECK RADIATOR SYSTEM’’ on
the multi-information display.

If you see this message, the engine
has probably overheated. You should
take your vehicle to a dealer, and
have it repaired as soon as possible.

505

506

Check Radiator System

If the Engine Overheats

T

a

k

ing
Ca
re

of
th

e

U

ne
x

p

e

c

te

d

507

10/08/04 20:10:33 31SJA660_512

————————————————————————————————————————————————————-

Let the vehicle sit for a minute.
Open the hood, and check the oil
level (see page

). An engine

very low on oil can lose pressure
during cornering and other driving
maneuvers.

If necessary, add oil to bring the
level back to the full mark on the
dipstick (see page

).

Start the engine, and watch the oil
pressure indicator. If it does not go
out within 10 seconds, turn off the
engine. There is a mechanical
problem that needs to be repaired
before you can continue driving
(see

on page

).

Immediately turn off all electrical
accessories. Try not to use other
electrically operated controls such as
the power windows. Keep the engine
running; starting the engine will
discharge the battery rapidly.

Go to a dealer or a service station
where you can get technical
assistance.

Safely pull off the road and shut
off the engine. Turn on the hazard
warning lights.

This indicator should never come on
when the engine is running. If it
starts flashing or stays on, or if you
see a ‘‘CHECK ENGINE OIL
LEVEL’’ message on the multi-
information display, the oil pressure
has dropped very low or lost
pressure. Serious engine damage is
possible, and you should take
immediate action.

If the charging system indicator
comes on brightly when the engine
is running, or if you see a ‘‘CHECK
CHARGING SYSTEM’’ message on
the multi-information display, the
battery is not being charged.

1.

2.

3.

4.

387

458

521

Emergency Towing

Low Oil Pressure
Indicator

Charging System
Indicator

Low Oil Pressure Indicator, Charging System Indicator

508

Running the engine with low oil
pressure can cause serious mechanical
damage almost immediately. Turn of f
the engine as soon as you can saf ely get
the vehicle stopped.

10/08/04 20:10:46 31SJA660_513

————————————————————————————————————————————————————-

If the indicator comes on repeatedly,
even though it may go off as you
continue driving, have the vehicle
checked by your dealer as soon as
possible.

If you have recently refueled your
vehicle, the indicator coming on
could be due to a loose or missing
fuel fill cap. You will also see a
‘‘TIGHTEN FUEL CAP’’ message on
the multi-information display.
Tighten the cap until it clicks at least
once (see page

). Tightening the

cap will not turn the indicator off
immediately; it can take several days
of normal driving.

If the battery in your vehicle has
been disconnected or gone dead,
these codes may be erased. It can
take several days of driving under
various conditions to set the codes
again.

To check if they are set, turn the
ignition switch to the ON (II)
position, without starting the engine.
The malfunction indicator lamp will
come on for 20 seconds. If it then
goes off, the readiness codes are set.
If it blinks five times, the readiness
codes are not set. If possible, do not
take your vehicle for an emissions
test until the readiness codes are set.
Refer to

for

more information (see page

).

If this indicator comes on
while driving, or if you see

a ‘‘CHECK EMISSION SYSTEM’’
message on the multi-information
display, it means one of the engine’s
emissions control systems may have
a problem. Even though you may
feel no difference in your vehicle’s
performance, it can reduce your fuel
economy and cause increased
emissions. Continued operation may
cause serious damage.

Your vehicle has certain ‘‘readiness
codes’’ that are part of the on-board
diagnostics for the emissions
systems. In some states, part of the
emissions testing is to make sure
these codes are set. If they are not
set, the test cannot be completed.

The malfunction indicator lamp may
also come on with the ‘‘D’’ indicator.

537

385

Emissions Testing

Readiness Code

Malfunction Indicator Lamp

T

a

k

ing
Ca
re

of
th

e

U

ne
x

p

e

c

te

d

509

If you keep driving with the
malf unction indicator lamp on, you can
damage your vehicle’s emissions
controls and engine. Those repairs may
not be covered by your vehicle’s
warranties.

10/08/04 20:10:57 31SJA660_514

————————————————————————————————————————————————————-

However, if the brake pedal does not
feel normal, you should take
immediate action. A problem in one
part of the system’s dual circuit
design will still give you braking at
two wheels. You will feel the brake
pedal go down much farther before
the vehicle begins to slow down, and
you will have to press harder on the
pedal.

Slow down by shifting to a lower
gear, and pull to the side of the road
when it is safe. Because of the long
distance needed to stop, it is
hazardous to drive the vehicle. You
should have it towed and repaired as
soon as possible (see

on page

).

If the fluid level is low, take your
vehicle to a dealer, and have the
brake system inspected for leaks or
worn brake pads.

You will also see a ‘‘CHECK BRAKE
SYSTEM’’ message on the multi-
information display.

If the brake system indicator comes
on while driving, the brake fluid level
is probably low. You will see a
‘‘BRAKE FLUID LOW’’ message on
the multi-information display. Press
lightly on the brake pedal to see if it
feels normal. If it does, check the
brake fluid level the next time you
stop at a service station (see page

).

The brake system
indicator normally
comes on when

you turn the ignition switch to the
ON (II) position and as a reminder to
check the parking brake. If you do
not release the parking brake, the
indicator will stay on, and you will
see a ‘‘RELEASE PARKING
BRAKE’’ message on the multi-
information display.

466

521

Emergency

Towing

Brake System Indicator

510

U.S.

Canada

10/08/04 20:11:06 31SJA660_515

————————————————————————————————————————————————————-

Оцените статью
Инструкции по ремонту
Добавить комментарий